Bird’s Eye View of Philadelphia

Title

Bird’s Eye View of Philadelphia

Creator

John Bachmann
American, b. Switzerland, 1814–1896
Printed by Sarony & Major, New York
Published by William & Stevens, New York

Date

1850

Description

This spectacular view of Philadelphia, looking southwest from Camden, New Jersey, across the Delaware River, was created by John Bachmann just a few years after he emigrated from Switzerland. The bird's-eye vantage point, though in use for some time in Europe, was new to this country, and Bachman’s application of the technique, in depicting major metropolitan areas from Boston to New Orleans, helped to popularize it as a means of capturing entire towns cities within a single frame.

One of the great benefits of these city views is what they record of features that have long since faded into history. The two islands in the lower left, for example, were once joined together as Windmill Island. In 1838, a canal was dredged through its center in order to accommodate ferry traffic between Camden and Philadelphia, creating Smith Island (nearest to the viewer) in the process. The islands were popular summer attractions; but in 1891 the federal government began to remove them in order to improve the river channel, and by 1897, they had disappeared entirely.

Contributor

Palmer Museum of Art, The Pennsylvania State University, Partial gift and purchase from John C. O’Connor and Ralph M. Yeager

Identifier

86.540

Source

John C. O'Connor and Ralph M. Yeager Collection, Palmer Museum of Art, The Pennsylvania State University

Rights

This image is posted publicly for non-profit educational uses, excluding printed publication. Other uses are not permitted.

Format

Color lithograph with additional hand coloring; 24-3/4 x 33-3/8 in. (62.9 x 84.8 cm)

Coverage

United States, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia (county), Philadelphia